Show MoreThe birth and growth of human civilization and culture has been very intimately connected with the forests. Forests have had a great influence on human thought and way of living.
For example, the Vedas and Upanishads, the oldest known religious, philosophical and literary monuments of mankind are the direct products of forest-life in ancient India. The Aranyakas or the Forest Texts form an integral part of these oldest testaments of human wisdom and philosophy. They are called so because they were both composed and studied in the forest-dwellings. They contain the contemplation and meditation of the forest seers, hermits and rishis on God and Soul.
Many of the Vedic gods are deified forces of nature. They have been very beautifully and…show more content…
The neglect and destruction of forests is bound to have serious repercussions on our lives.
There is an urgent need to check deforestation and dwindling of green-cover in India. Gandhiji once said that, “Nature has enough for everybody’s needs but not for everybody’s greed. The over exploitation of our forests put us in an alarming situation. Hence, the preservation and development of forests should rank high in our priorities.
The part played by forests in improving the quality of environment and that of life is beyond any shadow of doubt. They are a great source of renewable energy and contribute significantly to our economic development. India has an area of 752.3 lakhs hectare notified as forests, of which 406.1 lakhs hectare is classified as reserved and 215.1 lakhs hectare as protected. Unclassified area is spread over 131.1 lakhs hectare. About 19.47% of the total geographical area of the country is under actual forest-cover. But, unfortunately, this cover is fast shrinking because of our greed, selfishness and wrong priorities. Consequently, the wildlife has also been threatened and many species of animals and birds have become extinct and many others are in danger of extinction.
India has a forest policy since 1894. It was revised in 1952 and again in 1988. The policy aims at protection, conservation and development of forests. Its main objectives are— (i) Maintenance of environmental stability through preservation and restoration
Forests are essential for the sustainability of planet earth. Forests command great influence on the climate, soil, and environment of our world.
Why save the forest?
We should save forests as a protection against floods and famines. Forests prevent floods and reduce soil erosion by regulating the flow of water.
Adequate forest cover also ensures a sustainable and safe environment. Forest helps in increasing the humidity of the air and cause greater rainfall.
They also help in increasing the soil fertility. They protect the adjoining crops by reducing the velocity of the storms.
How to save forests?
We can Save forests stopping the cutting of trees (stop deforestation), establishing new forests (afforestation) and reestablishing old forests (reforestation).
We can save the forests through a balanced comprehensive and well-thought out plan.
- Fresh trees should be planted and in this way the trees that are cut should be replaced.
- Planting of trees should be a constant progress.
- Besides, trees that are planted must be of the right type. They should be such that can prevent soil erosion, check floods, and air pollution.
- They should also be such that grow and mature rapidly and whose wood can be used for the purpose of construction and for making furniture, etc.
- New varieties of trees should be developed to achieve these ends.
- Grass and fodder should be grown near the fields in which the people work so that they may use them easily according to their need.
- Planned afforestation should be undertaken in needed areas.
How to make afforestation programmes a success?
A comprehensive programme of afforestation is the urgent need of the hour, but success in it can be achieved only through the co-operation of the local people.
- Hence, education of the people in this connection is essential.
- Strong public opinion should be created against deforestation.
- Population explosion should be controlled for which intensive efforts should be made on a war-footing.
- Increased population means more space for the housing and more need for fuel wood, timber, etc.
Deforestation and population explosion are closely interconnected. Hence, no programme of checking deforestation can be successful without a corresponding programme of population control.
The forest conservation programs that are undertaken are scientific. The forests areas are maintained and planted with trees under the Forest conservation programs.
Category: EnvironmentTagged With: Forests