Exposition is a common writing category given to students to evaluate their abilities in exploring a general idea, providing a comprehensive explanation surrounding the idea or theory with supporting factual evidences in a logical manner through expository essays.
How to Write an Expository Essay
Choose your topic.
The very first step in writing an interesting expository essay is to choose a great topic. One great tip to take is to choose one that you are deeply interested in. There are hundreds of compelling topics out there that can be meticulously explored, but choosing one that you are interested in would make it a little bit easier and more fun.
Create your expository essay outline.
Writing an outline is especially helpful when you are about to write a comprehensive academic paper. It will serve as your guide as you write your paper and it helps keep track of your progress.
3. Collect relevant information and factual evidences.
Gather all essential and relevant information regarding your topic. Do your research and obtain information through various sources. You can also try other methods that can help you expound your expository essay topics like conducting surveys and interviews. Your supporting evidences should be accurate enough to substantiate your arguments. Do not forget to take note of all your sources and references.
4. Start writing.
Write a decent introduction and you’re off to a good start. Your first paragraph should also include a clear and defined thesis statement. It’s a must for students to master this part of the paper to be able to write an excellent paper. Refer to your expository essay outline and follow the expository essay format in writing the rest of your paper.
Providing a clear and smooth transition between the introduction, body and conclusion is a great way to increase the readability of your paper and for your readers to effectively follow the direction of your thoughts throughout the essay.
All paragraphs should be coherent, consistent and must have logical connection to the thesis statement. It is best to limit the exposition of one idea per paragraph and do not forget to add supporting evidences to justify your arguments.
Do not introduce new ideas when you are about to form your conclusion. In this part, you are suppose to readdress all the points you have presented in connection with your thesis statement. Edit and revise your work until it meets up with all the requirements and expectations. Have someone to proofread your work.
Tips: Treating your expository essay as an intellectual debate with your friend or classmate is immensely helpful. You should be able to explain your stand regarding your chosen topic, provide facts, your own thoughts and supporting factual evidences to support your arguments. Also, you can follow the common five-paragraph method in writing your essay. Not only will it be more readable and effective, it’s also straightforward and powerful. Checkout this definitive guide to expository essay writing for more detailed information in writing your paper.
Here are Some Great Expository Essay Topics to Write a Paper On
After learning how to write and format your paper, you must understand the importance of choosing a great topic to write a paper on. The more interesting the topic is for you, the more likely that you will be enthusiastic in planning your paper, doing your research and actual writing of your paper. You can clearly expound the topic and provide your arguments in a creative and logical way. Here are some suggestions to help you out.
1. Gender Inequality
Which social revolution provides the biggest impact on our society?
Why do women stay in an abusive relationship?
What are the specific instances where people experience gender inequality at work?
How do you deal with double standards and unequal treatment of people in the workplace?
If you are in a same-sex relationship, which country do you want to get married in?
Which expressions or subtle racist remarks do people commit unaware?
Which religion would you introduce to your kid and why?
Mars One project is ongoing and the exploration includes living and dying in Mars. Which religion do you think the first Martian should follow?
4. Global warming
Which gadget or appliance should we stop using to help minimize the effect of global warming?
5. Effects of technology to our environment
Which emerging technology releases the most greenhouse gasses? How do you prevent it?
If you can create a phone application that can help the environment, what would be?
Science and Technology
6. Innovative inventions
Which materials are best to use in building a sustainable structure?
How does 3D printing affect medicine, fashion and technology?
Do you think Japan should continue the manufacturing and distribution of androids?
7. Scientific studies and breakthroughs
If you can invent one cure to an incurable disease, what would you choose?
How do you think the government and appropriate entities deal with new viruses like Zika?
Way of life, hobbies and interest
8. Travel and lifestyle
Which country do you not mind visiting over and over and why?
Which new trend of child rearing is the most effective?
What is it like to be an illegal immigrant or informal settler?
How the rise of app-based travel and accommodation setting affects hotel sales?
9. Music, Arts, Books
How do pop music influence our way of living?
If you can live in a fictional world, which book would you choose and why?
Which art pieces do you think are the most significant and memorable works in the renaissance period?
If you can write one book in your lifetime, what would it be and why?
10. Significant events, exceptional work and important people in history
If you are given the chance to talk to a famous person dead or alive, who will you choose and what will be the topic of conversation?
If you can relive an era, which ear will you choose and why?
Get ideas from these general topics and appropriately narrow the one that sparks your interest and imagination. Start from there; arrange your thoughts and supporting evidence in a logical way and you’ll be producing an exposition paper that is worth the read.
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When you want your students to practice explanatory writing, present them with one or more of the following prompts, grouped by difficulty. You can also introduce students to the PAST strategy to help them understand what each explanatory prompt is asking them to do.
Beginning Explanatory Prompts (Grades 4–5)
The following explanatory prompts are meant for students who are moving from paragraph writing to essay writing.
1. Defining Friendship
Everyone needs friends. What qualities make someone a good friend? How can you be a friend for someone who needs one? Write an essay that explains ways to be a good friend.
2. A Job for Me
People do all kinds of jobs. Some people build. Others serve. Some teach. Others sell. Some people work on ships at sea, and others in skyscrapers in cities. What kind of job would you like to do? As a future worker, write an essay that names a job you would like, describes the work, and tells why you would like it.
3. An Admirable Person
We all have people we admire. They might be family members or friends. They might be singers, dancers, or actors. They might even be fictional characters. Whom do you admire most? Write an essay that names a person you admire and describes the qualities that make you like the person.
4. Sweet or Spicy?
Most people have a favorite food. What is yours? Is the food a common one that most other kids would know about, or a really special type? Is it sweet or spicy? In an essay, name your favorite food and describe to your classmates how it looks, smells, and tastes. Tell why you like it so much.
5. My Ideal Home
Most people can imagine a dream home. What would yours be? Big or small? In the country or in the city? How many floors? Would it be underground or up in a tree? As a young person, write an essay describing your dream home to a parent or guardian.
Intermediate Explanatory Prompts (Grades 6–8)
The following explanatory prompts are meant for students who do regular multi-paragraph writing.
6. Connectivity Culture
Smartphones, tablet PCs, social media, and constant connectivity are changing the ways that people live, think, work, and connect. How do these technologies shape your life? Are you plugged in or tuned out? Why? Write an essay that explains to your fellow students the ways that you connect digitally and predicts how people will connect in the future.
7. Pets vs. People
Pets are not people. After all, dogs don’t go to school and cats don’t hold down jobs. But pet owners often consider their dogs and cats to be members of their families. In what ways are pets like people and in what ways are they not? Write a comparison-contrast essay explaining the similarities and differences between pets and people.
8. Defining Responsibility
A parent is responsible for taking care of children. A criminal is responsible for committing a crime. And teens are encouraged to make responsible choices. Just what does it mean to be “responsible”? Does it mean something different for young people than for adults? As a young person who is taking on more and more responsibilities, write an essay that defines what responsibility means to you, and explain the idea to those older than you.
9. Unique Celebrations
The Chinese celebrate New Year with a dragon dance. How do you celebrate New Year? What other special days do you observe? In an essay, explain a celebration or ritual that you know about. Tell what is usually done and why. Explain it to a reader who is new to the event.
10. Here's How It's Done
What are you really good at? Perhaps you can sink a free throw every time. Maybe you can identify birds by their songs, or make a very delicious homemade pizza. Think of a particular skill you have and could teach others. Then write an essay describing the process you use to accomplish this special feat. Provide enough detail so your reader can learn how to do the same thing.
Advanced Explanatory Prompts (Grades 9–12)
The following prompts are meant for high-school level writers. Students may need to research the topics in order to respond with sufficient depth and complexity.
11. Addressing Cyberbullying
Cyberbullying involves using technology to harm, intimidate, and embarrass others. One form of cyberbullying called “trolling” occurs when anonymous Internet users intentionally post inflammatory content in an attempt to provoke and upset other users. While much effort has been made to counteract bullying in schools, the online and anonymous nature of cyberbullying makes it difficult to regulate. Write an essay that explains to your fellow students ways to counteract cyberbullying.
12. Moral Dilemmas
Consider a moral dilemma that a character in a novel or other piece of literature must face. It could be an issue you yourself have faced or one that is new to you. Explain what you would do if you were caught in the same situation. Then explain why you would handle it that way.
13. Talking About My Generation
Today’s youth are sometimes perceived as tech savvy, optimistic, and accepting. Other times, they are perceived as spoiled, coddled, and lazy, more interested in checking Instagram than in bearing down and working hard. In an essay, define the general characteristics of your generation. Provide evidence and reasons to support your definition.
14. Fashionable Expressions
Author Sarah MacLean believes “The most confident of women are those who believe in every scrap of fabric they wear.” Indeed, clothing is a form of self-expression for many people. Evaluate the clothing choices that you or someone else (famous or not) makes and explain what these fashion choices express about the person.
15. Comparing Future Career Paths
What do you want to do after you graduate from high school? Attend college? Hone your skills at a trade school? Or go straight into the professional world? Choose two options (college, trade school, job) and write an essay in which you analyze similarities and differences between the two options.